Tax free cash (PCLS) after age 75
A client is confused about whether she can take tax free cash after turning age 75, and how her entitlement will be calculated.
Margot is 74. She recently took some benefits from her pension for the first time. Margot made sure that she paid into a pension whenever she could throughout her life, but had never really paid much attention to the rules about taking money out of one before. However, once she started thinking about her options, she found researching the rules quite interesting and now feels she has a good understanding of some of the basic concepts.
Margot opted to crystallise £429,240 from her Your Future SIPP, taking £107,310 as a pension commencement lump sum (PCLS) and putting £321,930 into drawdown. Curtis Banks told her that she had used 40% of her lifetime allowance. Margot’s remaining uncrystallised pension benefits are currently worth approximately £644,000.
Margot understands from her reading that each time she crystallises some of her pension benefits, she can take a quarter of the amount as PCLS. She also understands that the maximum amount of PCLS she can have is a quarter of the lifetime allowance. Therefore she reasons that at any given time, her overall remaining PCLS entitlement should be a quarter of her remaining lifetime allowance entitlement.
However, Margot has just received a letter from Curtis Banks to confirm that her pension will be tested against the lifetime allowance on her 75th birthday in a few weeks’ time. Margot is now confused: her remaining uncrystallised funds will use up her remaining lifetime allowance. Does that mean she will lose her remaining PCLS entitlement unless she withdraws it before she turns 75? Margot can’t remember reading anything to this effect, but decides to call Curtis Banks to check.
Margot calls Curtis Banks. The representative, Toby, is happy to talk through the rules with Margot, but he also confirms that he won’t be able to offer any advice and recommends that Margot speaks to an adviser if she wants to talk about her situation specifically and discuss what might be best for her.
First, Toby clarifies exactly what will happen on Margot’s 75th birthday. He tells her that the value of the uncrystallised funds will be tested against the lifetime allowance, along with any growth in the crystallised funds. Any excess will be noted against her pension, however there will be no immediate tax charge. If and when Margot draws funds from her pension tax will be charged at her marginal rate.
Margot is not overly concerned about her pension growing significantly in the short time left before her birthday; she is sure she will only be a few pounds over or under the allowance.
Secondly, Toby tells Margot that she will not lose her remaining PCLS entitlement when she turns 75.
Toby confirms Margot’s understanding that her remaining PCLS entitlement is a quarter of her remaining lifetime allowance, but also that it works slightly differently after age 75. From then on, her remaining lifetime allowance for this purpose is found by ignoring the test of the uncrystallised funds at age 75 and including any other amounts which have been crystallised after age 75.
The value of Margot’s pension dropped ever so slightly by her 75th birthday, meaning there was no growth on her crystallised funds, and the uncrystallised funds used up the remaining 60% of her lifetime allowance.
A couple of years later, Margot’s uncrystallised funds (which she learns are technically called ‘unused’ funds now she is over 75) have increased in value to £700,000. Margot decides to crystallise another £200,000.
Thanks to Toby, Margot understands that her remaining overall remaining PCLS entitlement is the lifetime allowance (£1,073,100) less the amount she crystallised before turning 75 (£429,240) divided by four:
(£1,073,100 – £429,240)/4 = £160,965.
Therefore Margot is confident that from her £200,000 crystallisation she can take £50,000 PCLS and put the rest into drawdown. Curtis Banks confirms that this is correct and processes the crystallisation.
The following year, the remaining unused funds are still worth £500,000 and Margot decides to crystallise the whole amount.
This time, Margot knows she needs to deduct the amount she crystallised last year as well as the amount from before her 75th birthday to find her remaining PCLS entitlement:
(£1,073,100 – £429,240 – £200,000)/4 = £110,965.
Margot understands that even though a £500,000 crystallisation would normally allow for £125,000 PCLS, she will be limited by her remaining overall entitlement of £110,955.
Margot is aware following age 75 no more lifetime allowance tests are required and therefore the rest of her £500,000.00 crystallisation will simply go into drawdown.